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The objective of this Essay is to set out the ideological issues behind the Crusades the reasoning behind them and the actions taken Also discussed will be the effects of the Crusades and if indeed the Crusading ideology was an important factor in the expansion of Europe In the year 1095 Emperor Alexius beseeched Pope Urban II in Europe for aid against the invading forces of Seljuk Turks who were pushing at the borders of the Byzantine Empire When Pope Urban II read the letter from Alexius Emperor of Byzantine a glorious vision of sorts came to the Pope and he quickly acted and made plans for the First Crusade In November of that year in Clermont France Pope Urban II stood before a crowd of European nobles and peasants and asked for their aid in recapturing the Holy Land the home land of Jesus Christ the Land of the Holy Sepulchre In addition to the liberation of the city of Jerusalem Pope Urban II appealed to the material desires of the people as well for a holy Crusade would provide land to the conquering armies which would bring an end to the constant land struggle that the growing population of European nobles seemed to be caught in the middle of Another reason for the undertaking of a military campaign such as this was the further expansion of the Western Catholic Church and the possible reuniting of the Western and Eastern Churches under one authority which of course would be Pope Urban II and his successors This well-known speech lay down for the people of Western Europe the ideologies of the Crusades that they were expected to take up These ideologies were the backbone to the efforts of the Crusades and the can also be interpreted as responsible for whatever was to happen next There were countless Crusades throughout the next centuries some were big some were small some were successful and some
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