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Word Count: 1,471
Democracy comes from two Greek words demos which means people and kratein which means to rule Democracy first appeared in Athens towards the beginning of the fifth century BC The biggest difference between Athenian democracy and almost all other democracies is that the Athenain version was a direct democracy rather than being representative Democracy in Athens came about as a result of the growing navel power and the reforms of leaders such as Cleisthenes and Pericles In order to truly understand the development of Athenain democracy it is imperative to know about Cleisthenes and his impact on this institution To end regional divisions Cleisthenes created over 140 townships demes which replaced the phratries as the basis of citizenship Ten tribes phylai were created and Attica divided into three regions the city of Athens the coast and the interior Several demes comprised a third trittys and ten trittys formed a region Each tribe was made up of one trittys from each region so had members in all parts of Attica A Council of 500 with 50 men chosen by lot from each of the tribes replaced the Solonian Council of 400 Cleisthenes may also have been responsible for the Athenian practice known as ostracism A vote would take place and assuming 6000 votes had been cast the person would be sent into exile for a period of ten years As Demand suggests the ostracized citizens property was not taken nor was he convicted of and crime When the ten years was up he was free to return to Athens Ephialtes reforms were some of the most important in the development of Athenian democracy Between 4621 he gave the Ekklesia the boule and the jury courts a much greater role Another significant reform was the stripping of powers from the Areopagus that they were said to be unlawfully using As Pluturch suggests Ephalties took away the dokimasia examination of public officials to see if they were
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