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Word Count: 439
From 1763 throughout the mid-1770s an ideology of revolution began toevolve throughout the thirteen American colonies Many factors contributedto the formation of this ideology including Salutary Neglect the BostonMassacre and the British tax policyIn the early 1700s the British neglected the colonists because neglectserved the British economic interests better than strict enforcement Thecolonies prospered as did their trade with Britain without much governmentinterference But at the end of the French and Indian war British leadersreevaluated their relationship with the colonies because of conflicts betweenGreat Britain and the colonies during the war ending the policy of salutaryneglect and proposing reforms and new taxes The war had left Great Britain deeply in debt and the British viewedAmerican prosperity as a resource and taxing the colonies as a means torelieve British debt More and more Americans were convinced that Britishpoliticians were deliberately robbing them of their personal independencethrough taxation The Stamp Act of 1765 which required the colonists to buyand place revenue stamps on all official legal documents deeds newspaperspamphlets dice and playing cards left the colonists alarmed and the educated colonists mounted an ideological attack on the new British policiesThe colonists believed that the Stamp Act was an attempt by Britain to seizecontrol of taxation from the representative colonial assemblies and to tax thecolonists without giving them representation in government taxation withoutWhile confrontations over taxes and reforms were serious the bondsuniting the colonies and Britain were still strong An American diplomatdeclared in 1769 that the British ministry should Repeal the laws Renouncethe Right Recall the troops Refund the money and return to the old methodof requisition This solution would have required parliament to renounce itsclaims to sovereign power in America and was almost unthinkable given itsquest for authority Moreover violent acts such as the Boston Massacre inwhich soldiers fired at colonists after some boys threw ice at a sentryguarding the Customs House killing an African American named CrispusAttucks and four other colonists showed how difficult it would
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