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Word Count: 633
Japan is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government The countrys constitution was made on May 3 1947 right when the US took control of Japan following World War II Under the constitution Japan has universal adult suffrage with a secret ballot for all elective offices Which basically means that all legal adults in the country can vote privately Just like the US their government is made up of an executive branch responsible to the legislative branch and an independent judicial branchThe national parliament aka The Diet is made up of somewhat like the US two houses a House of Representatives lower house of 500 members and a House of Councillors upper house of 252 members Executive power is given to a cabinet made up of a prime minister and ministers of state Although all of those prime ministers and ministers of state have to be civilians The prime minister must be a member of The Diet usually in the House of Representatives and is chosen by his others in that house The prime minister has the power to appoint and remove ministers and mostly all have have to be Diet membersJapans judicial system which again is based off of the UStraditions consists of several levels of courts and the Supreme Court is the final judicial authority or the court that has the last word in any judicial issue The constitution includes a bill of rights similar to the United States Bill of Rights and the Supreme Court has the right of judicial review Japanese courts do not employ a jury and there are no administrative courts or claims courts like we have in the US Court decisions are made with legal statutes only Supreme Court decisions have any direct effect on later issues of the lawJapan does not have a federal system It mostly depends heavily on the central government for help Governors of regions in Japanlike the 50 states in the US mayors
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