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The disease known as Asiatic cholera first infiltrated Great Britain in 1831 withits arrival in Sunderland1 From there it broke out in epidemic proportions through1832 Three more epidemics would follow the 1832 outbreak 1848 1854 and 1866 Cholera is defined as an acute infectious disease originated in India characterized byprofuse vomiting cramps etc2 These epidemics killed numerous Brits and effectedmany more Several reasons can be seen for the continued importation and spread duringthese different epidemics Amongst the most prominent is dispute within the medicalcommunity Until Robert Koch was credited with isolating Vibrio cholerae in 18833 thecommunity was constantly torn over the cause of disease in general and specificallycholera Many theories came about each seemingly disputing the previous With thesenew scientific theories came arguments as to the best methods to prevent control anddeal with the cholera Until Kochs discovery ended the dispute there was never ageneral consensus as to the best method of care for cholera victims This paper will lookat the causes and symptoms of cholera statistics of the four outbreaks the differenteffects that cholera had on the lay people and the differing theories and how they slowedprogress towards prevention of cholera Cholera is a disease caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae Cholera is spreadthrough water or food that has been contaminated by the feces of others infected withcholera4 Symptoms include several characteristics Initially the person is anxious andnauseated as well as dizzy This is followed by severe vomiting and diarrhea with fecesthat are a grayish liquid often called rice water This is soon followed by extrememuscle cramps or even seizures and a desire for water This is followed by the sinkingstage where the patients pulse and body temperature drops and the person becomesextremely lethargic5 This next to last stage represents the person at near death and overtphysical signs of cholera become present Visual symptoms include sunken face bluishlips and fingernails and the tongue is coated resulting in a voice which can only rise to
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