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Distinguished himself from Marxist insistence on economic factor as the determinant of social change and Webers famous view on the great influence of religion Durkheim tries to explain social change by means of explaining the society itself apart from its individual members through the analysis of the functional relationship between social facts By differentiating between social solidarity - one of the most important social fact that he is concerned with Durkheim developed a series of theories to interpret the social change caused by industrialization and modernization Durkheims analysis of society is based on his view of social facts Unlike his colleagues he sees human society as an objectively existing entity preceding the individuals who comprise it He believes that the behaviours of each individual do not evolve from ones desire rather these behaviours are lead by the social system In his opinion Members of society are constrained by social facts by ways of acting thinking and feeling external to the individual and endowed with a power of coercion by reason of which they control him Beliefs and moral codes are passed on from one generation to the next and shared by the individuals who make up a society Haralambos 2000 pp1035 For example if one buys a Rolls-Royce the transaction does not occur simply because she wants the car in deed she is also trying to earn certain respect and acceptance from the other individuals in the society Durkheim coined the term social facts to describe such societal respects and acceptance which he believed can hardly be modified And from a functionalist stand point these facts will be passed on from generation to generation by means of education religious practice and other relevant social functions Therefore the persons will to buy a Rolls-Royce is probably inherited from hiser family tradition or caused by the influence of advertisement promoting certain social value Thus Durkheim believes that society stands apart from its members when
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