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Word Count: 434
Hati is the first republic in the world to have been led by a person of African descent Jean-Jaques Dessalines This is not however the only historically significant aspect of this country Notably it is Dessalines victory over Rochambeau in Vertieres that forced Napoleon to abandon his bid for the control of Louisiana and eventually the rest of the New World Therefore werent it for Dessalines and his troops of freed slaves of African origin the United States of America would most likely not be what they are today One is also forced to notice some similarities between the early histories of Hati and the USA Both were formerly inhabited by indigeneous populations which were decimated by colonists Both prospered economically through the labor of slaves shipped in from Africa and both fought for indepence around the turn of the 18th century Their post-independence path especially from an economic standpoint have however been very different -- The USA is today the largest economic power in the world while Hati is economically in the bottom five At this time Toussaint Louverture free since 1777 formed a battallion of former slaves which under the French flag drove away the British invaders He further defeated the mullatoes during the war of knives and for his courage and valor at the front was installed as governor of Saint Domingue In 1801 Toussaint went on to conquer the Eastern part of Hispaniola abolished slavery there and installed himself as governor of the entire island Bonaparte saw this as a threat to Frances control of the island and sent his brother Leclerc along with 20000 troops with for mission the capture of Toussaint and the re-establishment of slavery in the colony Toussaint was deceived into capture in 1802 and shipped to France where he died while imprisoned in a cold jail cell in the Jura Toussaints allies Henri Christophe and Jean-Jaques Dessalines had also surrendered
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