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1 What Is Linux Linux is an operating system that was initially created as a hobby by a young student Linus Torvalds at the University of Helsinki in Finland Linus had an interest in Minix a small UNIX system and decided to develop a system that exceeded the Minix standards He began his work in 1991 when he released version 002 and worked steadily until 1994 when version 10 of the Linux Kernel was released The current full-featured version is 24 released January 2001 and development continues Linux is developed under the GNU General Public License and its source code is freely available to everyone This however doesnt mean that Linux and its assorted distributions are free -- companies and developers may charge money for it as long as the source code remains available Linux may be used for a wide variety of purposes including networking software development and as an end-user platform Linux is often considered an excellent low-cost alternative to other more expensive operating systems Due to the very nature of Linuxs functionality and availability it has become quite popular worldwide and a vast number of software programmers have taken Linuxs source code and adapted it to meet their individual needs At this time there are dozens of ongoing projects for porting Linux to various hardware configurations and purposes Linux has an official mascot the Linux Penguin which was selected by Linus Torvalds to represent the image he associates with the operating system he created Although many variations of the word Linux exist it is most often pronounced with a short i and with the first syllable stressed as in LIH-nucks 2 Overview Of a Linux System In this section we will try to give an understanding of the system as a whole with a considerable lack of detail First the major services provided by the operating system then the programs that implement these services will be described 21 Various Parts
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