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Fifty years ago on April 4 1949 twelve countries signed the Treaty of Washington and formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization There were a total of sixteen countries that signed this treaty Those countries were the following Belgium Canada Denmark France Germany Greece Iceland Italy Norway Portugal Spain Turkey United Kingdom and the United States These various groups of countries came together and formed the NATO Alliance They wanted to help the world maintain peace due to the Soviet Unions threat on the non-Communist countries of Western Europe In the early 1990s political critics began to criticize NATO saying that is was not needed anymore after the control over Russia Books and article titles from the early 1990s reflected the mood of the times Liberal scholars expected NATO to wither because of the drawing peace in Europe undermined the need for big military organization and collective security would be given new lifeNATO was forced with growing irrelevance and that it would be surprising if Europes alliance outline the century Gordon 1 In sum NATO is an alliance based on political and military correspondence between its member countries As stated in the preamble to the North Atlantic treaty Alliance members are committed to safeguarding the freedom common heritage and civilization of its people that is founded on the principle of democracy individual liberty and the rule of law - Why NATO This period of early history was a time where countries were proving their power In addition Russia was causing serious uproars for Western Europe After World War II in 1945 the Communist states- led by Russia and the non-Communist states- led by the United States were engaging in a political rival known as the Cold War One of the controversial topics was that of nuclear weapons Britain and France were concerned that the Soviet Union may use nuclear weapons against them They also were doubtful that the United States would use their
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