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Word Count: 264
-Polis self-governing state becomes fundamental to Greeks-believed if the polis was governed well itd be stronger that the state-polis walled city Athens was the largest at around 400000-average polis was 5000-10000 people-Hoplite heavily armed warriors fought only on the plains with pipes Made up of mostly farmers-Phalanx group of hoplites they remained supreme in Greece until the Romans conquered-Arete means excellence virtue and warrior glory to the Greeks-Peloponnesus area also called Sparta-Perioikoi free men and women above the helots but not equals-Equals full citizens most power-Krypteia young boys organization ages 18-20 Involved spying stealing forging in the wilderness etc secret group-Cleisthenes brought about a widening of political participation in Athens his idea the people are powerful add the demos to the group and youll have power-Ostracism annual unpopularity contest in Athens write down the name of the person you want sent into exile and the winner would be sent into exile discouraging tyrants and protecting society-Persian Wars 499-479 BC Persian Empire was huge In 499 colonies started to revolt-Pheidippides runner sent to run to Sparta to ask for help at the battle of Marathon-Darius King of Persia during the Ionion revolt and the Battle of Marathon Smaller cities within the empire never disobeyed him they thought he and his army were invincible-Xerxes Darius son who takes over after his death Xerxes is mean and impulsive Begins his march towards Athens in 480BC-Themistocles general in Greece uses profits from silver mines to make the Greek fleet better
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