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Word Count: 979
The period that occurred following the Civil War is known as Reconstruction In the South during this period of time many people suffered There was great amount of property damage done to such things as farms factories and railroads Many other things were destroyed that citizens depended upon to keep their economy strong Some economic hardships included destruction of the credit system and worthlessness of the Confederate money Though statistics in the South were vague historians say that 750000 individuals would be a reasonably close estimate of Southern enrollments in the armies and navy or one tenth of the population In the South Reconstruction meant rebuilding the economy establishing new state and local governments and a new social structure between whites and blacks During the war Lincoln had expanded his presidency With his power he hoped to set up loyal governments in the Southern states that were under Union control Lincoln appointed new temporary governors and instructed each to call a convention to create a new state government He did this as soon as a group of the states citizen totaling 10 percent of the voters in the 1860 presidential election had signed oaths of loyalty to the Union Under this plan new governments were formed in Louisiana Tennessee and Arkansas but the Congress refused to recognize them Republicans in Congress did not want a quick restoration because it would bring Democratic representatives and senators to Washington In 1864 Congress passed the Wade-Davis Reconstruction Bill This bill would have delayed the process of rejoining the Union until 50 percent of the people took an oath of loyalty However Lincoln pocket vetoed the bill Abraham Lincoln was assassinated just as the South surrendered in April 1865 and then Andrew Johnson inherited the problem of Reconstruction Johnson supported Lincolns plan after taking office Enough Confederates signed these oaths to enable the immediate creation of new governments Johnson required that the new states ratify the 13th Amendment freeing
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