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Word Count: 1,297
For twenty-eight years the Berlin Wall separated friends families and a nationAfter the second World War in 1945 the victorious Allies the US Britain FranceRussia divided Germany into four sectors each under the control of an ally The USBritish and French Sectors combined to form a democratic state The Federal Republic ofGermany or West Germany The Soviet sector became a communist state The GermanDemocratic Republic or East Germany on October 7 1949 A barrier now separated east and West Winston Churchill named this barrier theIron Curtain Even though Berlin lay deep within the Soviet sector the Allies thought itbest to divide this metropolis Therefore Berlin was also divided into four sectors Againthe US British and French Sectors combined to form West Berlin The Soviet sectorbecame the East German capital East BerlinThe governments of these two new countrieswere set up by the occupying forces not the populous Most of the residents of EastBerlin and East Germany did not like the communist regime In fact most people wereThe Berlin Wall though not part of the iron curtain was a reminder of it Thewall was made of steel cement and barbed wire fences with traps and explosives Therewere guard towers with machine guns and other weapons It was almost impossible tocross this barrier without the communist governments permission Conrad Shuman was a nineteen year old border guard when he witnessed familiestearfully separated He realized he was not protecting his country but imprisoning itspeople Three Days after the border was closed he leapt to freedom The people of East Germany became dissatisfied with the economic and politicalconditions of the German Democratic Republic GDR Private trade was outlawed aswas the ownership of private land People were forced to work on collective state ownedfarms There were food and supply shortages Onehundred-sixty thousand refugeescrossed the border from East Berlin to West Berlin between January and the beginning ofAugust of 1961 in search of a better life This upset the East German government
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