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The Constitution is the basis of all laws in the United States This Constitution is a document written by outcasts of England The Constitution of the United States sets forth the nations fundamental laws It establishes the form of the national government and defines the rights and liberties of the American people It also lists the aims of the government and the methods of achieving them The Constitution was written to organize a strong national government for the American states Previously the nations leaders had established a national government under the Articles of Confederation But the Articles granted independence to each state They lacked the authority to make the states work together to solve national problems After the states won independence in the Revolutionary War 1775-1783 they faced the problems of peacetime government The states had to enforce law and order collect taxes pay a large public debt and regulate trade among themselves They also had to deal with Indian tribes and negotiate with other governments Leading statesmen such as George Washington and Alexander Hamilton began to discuss the creation of a strong national government under a new constitutionThe United States is a republic that operates under a federalist system The national government had specific enumerated powers and the fifty states retain law biding powers over their citizens and their residents Both the national government and the state government are divided into three different branches executive legislative and judicial Written constitutions both federal and state form a system of separated powers Amendments to the Constitution of the United States may be proposed in two ways 1 If two-thirds of both houses approve Congress may propose an amendment The amendment becomes a law when ratified either by legislatures or by conventions in three-fourths of the states 2 If the legislatures of two-thirds of the states ask for an amendment Congress must call a convention to propose it The amendment becomes a law when ratified either
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