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INTRODUCTION The Internet is perhaps todays most influential technological advance Significant events in history contributing to the development of the Internet can be traced back to as early as 1844 Here is a timeline of some significant events in history contributing to the development of the Internet 1844 Telegraph 1858 First Atlantic Cable from North America to Europe 1867 Typewriter 1876 Telephone 1889 Phonograph 1894 Radio 1946 ENIAC the worlds first computer 1957 Satellite able to send info from space 1960 First Computer network 1969 Internet 1994 World Wide Web allows sounds and movies to be sent via the Internet As the Internet expands in the future it stands to gain control over much of the world The earliest event in history leading to the development of the Internet took place in 1858 This was the laying of the Atlantic Cable It was laid to provide instantaneous communication across the ocean Although it was seen as a landmark event it was a technical failure because it only remained in operation for 3 weeks However another cable was laid in 1866 and remained in operation for over 100 years The next major event was the invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1875 Today modems provide digital to audio conversions to allow computers to connect to the Internet over the telephone THE CREATION OF ARPANET In 1955 Eisenhower announced that the USA hoped to launch a small Earth orbiting satellite The Kremlin announced that is hoped to do the same Planning in America focussed on a sophisticated three stage rocket but in Russia that took a more direct approach Strapping four military rockets together on October 1957 the USSR launched Sputnik 1 a 70kgs sphere into the Earths orbit The effect in the United States was electrifying since it seemed overnight to wipe out
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