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Word Count: 320
The best method of finding out about a certain culture is to look at their laws andother court records The Laws of Hammurabi are the best preserved legal documentreflecting the social structure of Babylon during Hammurabis rule They address therights of the poor to seek compensation from wrongs committed by the wealthy or by thenobility The laws also discussed the rights of women such as the right to own property intheir own names and to divorce their husband Through these laws the Mesopotamian people or their rulers at least seem tohave been a very strict civilization This is apparent in laws 22 and 23 concerning theftand robbery Any man caught committing robbery will be put to death Based on todayssociety and laws that seems very harsh but it shows that the Mesopotamian people werevery stern with the criminals The next law says that if a robbery has been committed butthe robber has not be caught the city and the governorshall make good to him his lostproperty This fair and just law would never happen in todays society The governmentdoes not reimburse people for stolen items with the exception of insurance money The Laws of Hammurabi also show that the Mesopotamian people were veryfamily oriented Law 195 states that any son who strikes his father will lose his handAlthough this is a very harsh law it shows that the society had respect for their elders Ifthat respect was not there they were severely punished Laws 209-212 also discuss familyissues especially daughters and their fetuses Anyone who killed a fetus was required topay a certain amount and if the pregnant woman dies his daughter would be killed alsoThe punishment was lessened for a commoners daughter and child but it was still strictThese laws show that the people were very concerned with their children and family
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