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The Louisiana Purchase was a vast region in North America that the United States purchased from France by a treaty signed on Apr 30 1803 The Louisiana Territory contained more than 2 million sq km 800000 sq mi of land extending from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains The territory comprised present-day Arkansas Missouri Iowa Minnesota west of the Mississippi River North Dakota South Dakota Nebraska Oklahoma nearly all of Kansas the portions of Montana Wyoming and Colorado east of the Rocky Mountains and Louisiana west of the Mississippi River but including New Orleans The price was 60 million francs about 15 million 11250000 was to be paid directly with the balance to be covered by the assumption by the United States of French debts to American citizensIn 1762 France had ceded Louisiana to Spain but by the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso 1800 the French had regained the area Napoleon Bonaparte the future Emperor Napoleon I envisioned a great French empire in the New World and he hoped to use the Mississippi Valley as a food and trade center to supply the island of Hispania which was to be the heart of this empire First however he had to restore French control of Hispania where Haitian slaves under Toussaint L Ouverture had seized power 1801 In 1802 a large army sent by Napoleon under his brother-in-law Charles Leclerc arrived on the island to suppress the Haitian rebellion Also in 1802 two acts were committed that President Thomas Jefferson who was concerned about French intentions regarded as hostile to the interests of the US French forces were sent to New Orleans and to Santo Domingo Hispania now the Dominican Republic to quell a rebellion there The other was the right of deposit the privilege previously accorded US merchants of depositing goods at New Orleans pending transshipment was withdrawn Jefferson thereupon sent the American statesman James Monroe to Paris to aid the American minister
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