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Philosophical thought begins with the Milesians where intellectual curiosity propelled thinkers like Anaximander and Heraclitus to attempt to explain the phenomena of the universe by means of specific physical elements During the 6th century BC Eleatics like Parmenides and Zeno had rejected physical phenomena and propounded metaphysical paradoxes that cut at the roots of belief in the very existence of the natural world Parmenides uproots the theories of his predecessors by bearing to light the logical possibilities of any philosophical inquiry He argues that that the only things about which we can inquire about must exist else our search is fruitless Through deductive reasoning Parmenides proves that if something exists then it cannot come to be or perish change or move nor be the subject to any imperfection His proteges were left with an enormous problem how could one reconcile Parmenides rejection of change with the possibility of giving a rational account of the changing world of sense experience By accepting only certain parts of his doctrine of being his successors ultimately fail in their attempts to explain the changing universe in light of the Parmenidean paradoxHow does Parmenides draw the conclusion that if something is then it is unchanging A more formal examination of his arguments regarding subjects of inquiry shows how he comes to the conclusion that all is one The only ways of inquiry there are for thinking the one that it is and that it is not possible for it not to be is the path of Persuasion for it attends upon the Truth the other that it is not and that it is necessary for it not to be this I point out to you to be a path completely unlearnable for neither may you know that which is not for it is not to be accomplished nor may you declare it Curd fr2 ll3-8 pg45Parmenides subject of inquiry as show in the fragment either you must assume that your
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