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Acid Rain What Is Acid Rain Acid Rain is a type of air pollution formed when oxides of sulfur and nitrogen combine with atmosphere moisture to yield sulfuric and nitric acids which may then be carried long distances from a source before they are deposited by rain This pollution may also be snow fog or a dry form of precipitation Acid rain is currently a subject of great controversy because of widespread environmental damage for which it has been blamed including eroding structures injuring crops and forests and threatening or killing life in freshwater lakesThe Effect Of Acid RainWhen the environment cant neutralize the acid rain damage will occur to forests crops lakes and fish Toxic metals such as copper and lead can also be leached from water pipes into drinking water Research published in 1996 suggested that forests and forest soils are more susceptible to the effects of acid rain than previously believed and recovery from these effects is very slow In light of this information many scientists believe that the 1990 amendments to the Clean Air Act will not be sufficient to protect lakes and forest soils of the northeastern United States from further acidification Affects In The Aquatic EcosystemsThe interactions between living organisms and the chemistry of their aquatic habitats are extremely complex If the number of one species or group of species changes in response to acidification then the ecosystem of the entire water body is likely to be affected through the predator-prey relationships of the food web At first the effects of acid deposition may be almost imperceptible but as acidity increases more and more species of plants and animals decline or disappear As the water pH approaches 60 crustaceans insects and some plankton species begin to disappear As pH approaches 50 major changes in the makeup of the plankton community occur less desirable species of mosses and plankton may begin to invade and the progressive
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