scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,066
Affirmative Action as defined by the Meriam Websters Dictionary is an active effort to improve the employment or educational opportunities of members of minority groups or women In 1961 John FKennedy issued an executive order calling for Affirmative Action as a means to promote equal opportunity for racial minorities in hiring by federal contractors This was the first official use of the term by the Federal Government Eight years later Nixon as President beefed up the Office of Federal Compliance Programs which along with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has become one of the governments two main enforcers of affirmative action policyGroliers Electronic Encyclopedia 1993 Such efforts have vastly expanded opportunities for Afro-Americans However they have also touched off complaints from many whites that Afro-Americans are benefiting from reverse discrimination Under the equal opportunity act of 1972 most federal contractors subcontractors all state and government institutions including universities must initiate plans to increase the proportions of their female and minority employees until they are equal to the proportions existing in the available labor marketGroliers Electric Encyclopedia 1993 Affirmative action plans that establish racial quotas were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in the case of University of California VS Bakke in 1978 This case arose when the medical school of the University of California at Davis twice rejected Allen Bakkes application while admitting members of racial minorities who had lower test scores Bakke charged that the medical schools policy of setting aside 16 of the 100 positions for racial minorities was a violation of the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment In a complex 5-4 decision the Supreme Court ordered that Bakke be admitted The court ruled that even though universities may consider race and ethnic origins as a factor in evaluating candidates for admission they may not establish fixed racial quotasTime Magazine May 27 1991 pp22 The decision was however upheld in the case of Private Business and Unions in United Steelworkers of
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA