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Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism-the way in which your body converts the food you eat into energy Most of the food you eat is broken down by digestive juices into chemicals including a simple sugar called glucose Glucose is your bodys main source of energy After digestion glucose passes into your bloodstream where it is available for cells to take in and use or store for later use In order for your cells to take in glucose a hormone called insulin must be present in your blood Insulin acts as a key that unlocks doors on cell surfaces to allow glucose to enter the cells Insulin is produced by special cells called islet cells in an organ called the pancreas which is about 6 inches long and lies behind your stomach In healthy people the pancreas automatically produces the right amount of insulin to enable glucose to enter cells In people who have diabetes cells do not respond to the effects of the insulin that the pancreas produces If glucose cannot get inside cells it builds up in the bloodstream The buildup of glucose in the blood-sometimes referred to as high blood sugar or hyperglycemia which means too much glucose in the blood-is the hallmark of diabetes When the glucose level in your blood goes above a certain level the excess glucose flows out from the kidneys two organs that filter wastes from the bloodstream into the urine The glucose takes water with it which causes you to urinate frequently and to become extremely thirsty These two conditions-frequent urination and unusual thirst-are usually the first noticeable signs of diabetes Another symptom you may notice is weight loss which results from the loss of calories and water in your urine The path toward type 2 diabetes httpwwwama-assnorginsightspeccondiabetesdiabete2htmWhat As you gain weight the extra weight causes your cells to become resistant to the effects
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