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Ebola is a virus and part of the negative-stranded RNA family known as filovirus It was discovered in 1976 in Africa and was named after a river in Zaire When the virus is looked at under an electron microscope the filoviridae appear as being long thin and occasionally they have branches sprouting from one place or another Ebola can also take the form of a U or a b There are four known strains of the virus they are Ebola Sudan Ebola Zaire Ebola Reston and Ebola Tai Ebola Reston only causes disease in monkeys but as the rest of them take approximately 8 hours to duplicate itself The Ebola virus can easily be transmitted through direct contact of blood organs secretions of any kind and semen from any person infected Another method is that of used needles that have been infected With all countries considered the 3rd world and the reuse of needles are a common practice due to lack of funds and supplies Though recovered patients pose no serious threat the virus is present up to 7 weeks after being treated Vomit and diarrhea contain the infected blood and mucus so any contact with this eg in poor drinking water can cause contraction of the virus Luckily enough Ebola is not airborne and in some cases due to its self-limiting nature it has been known to die out within a person before killing the host In one case when a Swiss researcher found the Ebola Tai virus she contracted it from a chimpanzee This was during an investigation into the spur of deaths among them at the time To this day there is still no evidence as to what host carried the virus before humans and no location of the virus is known Within the 4 to 16 days the Ebola virus starts to show its face with headaches fevers chills muscle aches and a loss of appetite As the virus progresses patients
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