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A report discussing the proposition that computer crime has increaseddramatically over the last 10 yearsComputer crime is generally defined as any crime accomplished through specialknowledge of computer technology Increasing instances of white-collar crimeinvolve computers as more businesses automate and the information held by thecomputers becomes an important asset Computers can also become objects of crimewhen they or their contents are damaged for example when vandals attack thecomputer itself or when a computer virus a program capable of altering orerasing computer memory is introduced into a computer systemAs subjects of crime computers represent the electronic environment in whichfrauds are programmed and executed an example is the transfer of moneybalances in accounts to perpetrators accounts for withdrawal Computers areinstruments of crime when they are used to plan or control such criminal actsExamples of these types of crimes are complex embezzlements that might occurover long periods of time or when a computer operator uses a computer to stealor alter valuable information from an employerSince the first cases were reported in 1958 computers have been used for mostkinds of crime including fraud theft embezzlement burglary sabotageespionage murder and forgery One study of 1500 computer crimes establishedthat most of them were committed by trusted computer users within businesses iepersons with the requisite skills knowledge access and resources Much ofknown computer crime has consisted of entering false data into computers Thismethod of computer crime is simpler and safer than the complex process ofwriting a program to change data already in the computerNow that personal computers with the ability to communicate by telephone areprevalent in our society increasing numbers of crimes have been perpetrated bycomputer hobbyists known as hackers who display a high level of technicalexpertise These hackers are able to manipulate various communicationssystems so that their interference with other computer systems is hidden andtheir real identity is difficult to trace The crimes committed by mosthackers consist mainly of simple but costly electronictrespassing copyrighted-information piracy and vandalism There is alsoevidence that organised
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