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There were numerous issues that led to the American Civil War including were significant differences in political views between the North and the South Moreover the two sections were totally different socially and had disparate economies However all of these differences and the problems that resulted were a direct result of slavery Indeed it was because of slavery that the Civil War was fought By analyzing issues on local and national levels through the Valley of the Shadow Project which compares ante-bellum Chambersburg Pennsylvania and Staunton Virginia it is clear that Civil War was inevitable for slavery had split the nation too widely making compromise impossible The most obvious difference between the societies of the North and the South was the nonexistence of slavery in the North and the strict Southern society that had come into existence because of the peculiar institution In the South there were four parts to society the plantation elite yeoman farmers impoverished whites and black slaves This social condition made the South different from the North in myriad ways largely because of slaverys influences The Church was divided during the decades before the Civil War with many denominations split in bitter disagreements over slavery Historian Arthur Cole states that as early as the 1840s two major denominations had split upon the rock of slavery and driven their Southern brethren into independent organization Cole p47 The Free Mission Society for the Northwest was a group of extreme opponents of slavery Cole p48 who held a fellowship Slavery became so controversial that an often silent clergy protested the fugitive-slave law of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act during their sermons Cole p48 Many congregations split between the two parts of the country making social differences even more drastic There was also a significant difference in the number of Black churches in the two parts of the country Black churches in the North were founded much earlier then those in the South The first
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