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Juan Gris was born in 1887 He was a Spanish born French painter who went to the cubist school Originally his name was Jose Vittoriano Gonzalez he was born in Madrid and educated there He left Madrid in 1906 and went to Paris making the acquaintance of Spanish artist Pablo Picasso and of the French painter Georges Braque Griss first cubist paintings generally more calculated than those of Picasso and Braque appeared in 1912 He spent the next summer in Cret France with Picasso and while there adopted the use of papier coll shapes cut from paper and glued to the canvas During World War I 1914-1918 he worked in Paris he had his first one-man exhibition in Paris in 1919 From 1922 to 1924 he designed settings for two ballets of the Russian producer Sergey Diaghilev Les tentations de la bergre The Temptations of the Shepherdess and La colombe The Dove as well as continuing work on his own paintings After 1925 he worked mainly on gouaches watercolors and illustrations for books Some of his famous works include Portait of Josee The Table and The Open windowPortrait of Josette was created in 1916 and is now in the Musea del in Prado Madrid This was deffinetly one of Griss greatest achievements The portrait of Josette is based on his studies after Corot and Cezanne To perfection he seemed to create a stunning mixture of the foreground and the background This beauty is accomplished through color patterns that ensemble different spatial planes The blacks which are used around the bosom butox and leg are used to enhance this womens shapely figure The transparency does not result in an illusion of depth instead it acts as something to join the planes together The table was created in Spring of 1914 Today it is located in Philadelphia in the Museum of Art The surfaces of collages such as The Table are nearly entirely covered with a wide
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