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Alfred Adler studied personality around the time of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung but developed very different ideas Cloninger 1996 Although he changed his theory many times during his lifetime he always believed people had control over their lives and made choices concerning themselves He named his theory Individual Psychology because he felt each person was unique and no previous theory applied to all people Adlers theory is comprised primarily of four aspects striving towards superiority the unity of personality the development of personality and psychological health which includes intervention Adler believed the main goal of all people is to move to a better way of life although he admits the ways to achieve this goal varies among people Cloninger 1996 He first used the term inferiority complex as being overcome by feelings of lack of worth In other words the person is not achieving their goal to moving positively in life People wish to move from feelings of inferiority to superiority He wrote We all wish to overcome difficulties We all strive to reach a goal by the attainment of which we shall feel strong superior and complete Ansbacher Ansbacher 1956 Superior and superiority in his usage has a slightly different meaning than what is commonly thought It is not necessarily feelings of superiority over others but more along the lines of self-improvement such as striving for ones personal best He eventually switched from superiority striving to simply perfection striving This was the final stage in the development of his theory Alder also used the word superiority complex This complex occurred when a person tried to overcome their inferiority complex by repressing their actual feelings They are usually very arrogant and tend to exaggerate their achievements Along
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