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Word Count: 1,502
We cannot assume that early inadequate experience will some how be cancelled by later experience Lasting consequences of early inadequate experiences may be subtle and complexBut there will be consequences Sroufe 1979 Discuss Alan Sroufe 1979 stated that lasting consequences of early inadequate experiences may be subtle and complex but there will be consequences Whilst there are numerous ways in which these consequences may manifest one important effect is the development of adult love relationships Hazan Shaver 1987 cited in Bartholomew 1990 defined love as an attachment process experienced somewhat differently by each individual person because of variations in their attachment histories Enduring love relationships are probably the most important attachment relationship in adult life The marital relationship is the primary source of social support in adulthood Coyne Delongis 1986 cited in Bartholomew 1990 This essay will focus upon how early inadequate experiences will influence the affectionate bonds in adult love relationships and will briefly outline and evaluate some of the empirical studies in this area John Bowlby proposed one of the first theories regarding the effects of early experiences on later development Bowlby theorized that an infant internalises a working model of the self that is influenced by interactions and expectations of the primary caregiver The accessibility and responsiveness that the child experiences with the caregiver will determine the childs working model of the self If the caregiver is responsive and tentative to the childs needs this provides a secure base from which the child may follow hisher curiosity thus allowing himher to explore the environment and develop competence in new activities If however the child experiences anxiety about the caregivers responsiveness and availability the child restricts hisher exploration and mastery of the world Bowlby 1969 1973 cited in Walters Weinfield Hamilton 2000 states that the childs early relationships experienced with the primary caregiver eventually leads to Word Count 1349 excluding references generalized expectations
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