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Augueste Comte is referred as the founder of sociology The term sociology meaning the study of society was given to this new science by the man He suggested applying the scientific method known as positivism to society Herbert Spencer is referred as the second founder of sociology Unlike Comte he thinks that sociology should not influence social reform He thinks that the evolution of society should be left to improve on its own He called this principle the survival of the fittest He believes that when the less capable people die out society improves over time Karl Marx is known as one of the greatest modern thinkers of his time He believes that class conflict is the source of human history He suggests that the bourgeoisie and the proletariat are in constant conflict and this conflict can only end when the people of the working class unite and the results will be a classless society Emile Durkheim conducted various rigorous researchs and came to a conclusion that social factors underlied suicide He recognized social integration which is the degree to which people are tied to their social group as the essence social factor in suicide He suggests that people with weaker social ties have a higher possiblity to commit suicide Max Weber is a comtemporary of Durkheim He believes that religion is a key factor in the rise of capitalism Comparing Roman Catholic and Protestant countries he concluded that capitalism was more likely to flourish in Protestant countries because the Protestants believed that financial success was the sign that God was on their side
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