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Word Count: 1,409
The existential philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche believed that humanity nedded to be overcome He viewed humans as weak creatures and slaves to the Christian religion In The Will to Power Nietzsche asserts the poer of the overman-- a creature beyond Christian good and evil-- to replace the passive man To understand the book it is first necessary to understand what Nietzsche means by The Will to Power Denneson describes this as a psychological presupposition which assumes that humans are always attempting to inflict their wills upon others Denneson 1 When considering the use of the term ubermensch or overman in this work it is also necessary to understand exactly what Nietzsche means by this term This is seen by many as the way in which he refers to a superhuman In the past many comparisons wre made between Nietzsches overman and the Nazi idea of the superior race However this has been re-evaluated by many scholars and the comparison is no longer seen in the same light The overman is seen as the next step up from normal humans this creature could even be interpreted as the next step up the evolutionary ladder The overman is not isolated to just this work we see Nietzsche talk about this creature in other works such as Thus Spoke Zarathustra and The Antichrist The idea is not new but at best it is still controversial Cross 1 The Will to Power which results from these two books contains various metaphors and generalizations which display contradictions and tensions Harman 2 The philosophies which underlie all of Nietzsches writing are themselves contradictory they both celebrate and embrace the humanity of man whilst holding it in contempt and insulting it at the same time Cross 7 The concept oof the overman appears to be a contradiction in itself reflecting the views that Nietzsche himself expresses about the human condition The creature is dichotomy seeing himself as superior and a master of his
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