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President Franklin D Roosevelt is commonly thought of as aliberal and President Herbert C Hoover as a conservative The validity ofthese accusations however is uncertain Before classifying each president in the categories ofliberal and conservative it must first be understood what is meant by eachterm During the time of the Great Depression a liberal was usually associated withpolitical equality free speech free assembly free press and equality of opportunity Itwas directly derived from the word liberty which meant freedom Today the definitionchanges drastically A liberal is someone who thinks government can solve problems andsomeone who trusts government They believe in more government spending such asin social plans and are not turned off because of raised taxes knowing fullwell the money taken away will do the country good Frankly liberals believe in moregovernment in the daily lives of people Conservatives believe in directly the opposite ofwhat liberals do They believe heavily in the free enterprise system privateownership Their economics rely on the theory of supply and demand and profit motive Their lassiez-faire policy was introduced in a book The Wealth of Nationsby Adam Smith This economic policy can be seen directly in the rest of whatconservatives believe in They are resistant to change being strong believers of traditionalvalues They thought money should be spent on defense not social programs In a nutshell they want government to stay out of peoples lives The modern definitions ofeach term will be used in categorizing Roosevelt and Hoover President Hoover a strong believer in traditional valuescan definitely be described as a conservative His initial hands-off policy indealing with the Great Depression show this well He believed in the business cycle andthat the country would pull its self out of the depression He did not want to usegovernment power in dealing with this catastrophe mainly because of his predecessorstradition of lassiez-faire Hoover stated in an election speech Every step of bureaucratizing of
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