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From 1509 to 1512 Rafael Sanzio created The School of Athens a fresco that famously reflects the humanistic interpretations of the Italian Renaissance This magnificent work is located in the Stanza della Segnatara in the Vatican at Rome the city Rafael died in April of 1526 At a young age Rafael traveled to Florence where the Renaissance began he was influenced by Leonardo da Vinci Plato and Aristotle as well as Socrates Plutarch and many other great writers philosophers and theologians In The School of Athens Rafael depicts these men and very intricately reflects the thoughts and politics of the Renaissance The extent of Raphaels style is equally prodigious in its interpretation of the most complex stories the episodical significance of which is transcend into moments of form and light Camesasca 9 There is a very definite connection to humanism in this fresco Humanism included a great diversity of emphasis and underwent constant changethe noted scholar Paul Joachimsen proposed a simple and fairly concrete definition of humanism as an intellectual movement primarily literary and philosophicalrooted in the love and desire for the rebirth of classical antiquity Kingdon 154 The School of Athens is the glorification of the pre-Christian world as it was understood in the early 15th century The philosophy that modern views of science math fine arts and the human nature could be derived from theology and religion is portrayed by the use of famous scientists mathematicians artists writers and philosophers in the School of Athens which was titled well after it was completed The most outstanding scene in this fresco makes the biggest connection between wisdom and religion This is the scene in the center of the piece where the vanishing point is Plato the one pointing up and Aristotle the one gesturing toward the earth are walking together Plato is referring to Christ and the divine while Aristotle a disciple of the scientific method is gesturing toward life on earth and represents
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