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When one examines the maxim of Thomas Hobbes as set forth in Leviathan it becomes obvious that Hobbes believes the nature of man to be bad According to Hobbes if we as men were left to exercise our own private judgement regarding our affairs we would most assuredly collapse into a state of war He believes that when there is no singular ever-present power to keep man in awe and to control man by fear of punishment from that singular power that man will break his agreements and act in his own self-interest For the Lawes of Nature as Justice Equity Modesty Mercy and in summe doing to others as wee would be done to of themselves without the terrour of some Power to cause them to be observed are contrary to our natural passions that carry us to Partiality Pride Revenge and the like And Covenants without the Sword are but Words and of no strength to secure a man at all Hobbes pg117 The laws that are enacted are contrary to our self-interest so without the terror of some ever-present power to instill fear in all man we would abstain from no measure in order to preserve our own well being In a state of war man is in a Continual fear and danger of a violent death and the life of man is solitary poor nasty brutish and short Hobbes Pg 107 The only way to prevent entering a state of war is to erect one common power which is known as a commonwealth or sovereign who is One person of whose Acts a great Multitude by mutuall Covenants one with another have made themselves every one the Author to the end he may use the strength and means of them all as he shall think expedient for their Peace and Common DefenceHobbes pg 121 With this definition comes the role of the sovereign It is the role of the
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