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Tyge Latinized as Tycho Brahe was born on 14 December 1546 in Skane then in Denmark now in Sweden He was the eldest son of Otto Brahe and Beatte Bille both from families in the high nobility of Denmark He was brought up by his paternal uncle Jrgen Brahe and became his heir He attended the universities of Copenhagen and Leipzig and then traveled through the German region studying further at the universities of Wittenberg Rostock and Basel During this period his interest in alchemy and astronomy was aroused and he bought several astronomical instrumentsIn 1572 Tycho observed the new star in Cassiopeia and published a brief tract about it the following year In 1574 he gave a course of lectures on astronomy at the University of Copenhagen He was now convinced that the improvement of astronomy hinged on accurate observations After another tour of Germany where he visited astronomers Tycho accepted an offer from the King Frederick II to fund an observatory He was given the little island of Hven in the Sont near Copenhagen and there he built his observatory Uraniburg which became the finest observatory in Europe Tycho designed and built new instruments calibrated them and instituted nightly observations He also ran his own printing press The observatory was visited by many scholars and Tycho trained a generation of young astronomers there in the art of observing After a falling out with King Christian IV Tycho packed up his instruments and books in 1597 and left Denmark After traveling several years he settled in Prague in 1599 as the Imperial Mathematician at the court of Emperor Rudolph II He died there in 1601 His instruments were stored and eventually lost Tycho Brahes contributions to astronomy were enormous He not only designed and built instruments he also calibrated them and checked their accuracy periodically He thus revolutionized astronomical instrumentation He also changed observational practice profoundly Whereas earlier astronomers had been content to observe
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