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Tyndale William c1494-1536 William Tyndale was probably born in Gloucestershire He became chaplain in the house of Sir John Walsh in about 1521 He had studied at both Oxford and Cambridge and was a strong supporter of the movement for reform in the Church His opinions involved him in controversy with his fellow clergymen and about 1522 he was actually summoned before the Chancellor of the Diocese of Worcester on a charge of heresy He left for London He had by this time determined to translate the Bible into English He had admired the teaching of Erasmus at Cambridge he made an English translation of the masters Enchiridion and was certain in his heart that the way to God was through His word - scripture should be available even to a boy that driveth the plough But in London Tyndale was firmly rebuffed when he sought the support of Bishop Cuthbert Tunstall who was uneasy like many highly placed churchmen with the idea of the Bible in the vernacular Tyndale with the help of Humphrey Monmouth a merchant of means left England under a false name and landed at Hamburg in 1524 He had already begun work on the translation of the New Testament He visited Luther at Wittenberg and in the following year completed his translation The printing was begun with William Roye another reformist Cambridge man at Cologne But Roye was indiscreet and the work was soon being talked about The city magistrates at the behest of the anti-Lutheran theologian Johannes Cochlaeus ordered the printing to stop Only a few sheets were saved before Tyndale fled to Worms among them was that containing his Prologue which was later enlarged and called A Pathway into the Holy Scripture The printing was successfully carried out at Worms Copies of the New Testament in English arrived in Tyndales country in 1526 and the work was given a very hostile reception by the Church The
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