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Among the many political and social changes that took place ensuing World War II the colonial states declared their independence As Samuel Huntington describes in Political Order in Changing Societies these communities faced many hardships and are still undergoing the difficulties associated with gaining independence Tension becomes increasingly severe with the topics of ethnicity language region tradition and religion Turmoil regarding these issues ultimately undermines political stability and the ability of new states to effectively govern citizens through a legitimate political institution The fundamental challenges that new states face are extensive social change accompanied by rapid modernization especially when insufficient concern is given for establishing firm political institutions The post-colonial states of Asia Africa and Latin America are generally complex heterogeneous societies and therefore rely heavily on a functional political institution In the preliminary stages of nation-building social forces play a pivotal role Social forces include ethnic religious economic and regional groups Ideally Huntingtons political institution governs the problems that can arise from the clashing of interests among these social groups An example where social forces can be at odds is illustrated through Israel and its Arab neighbor In this instance religious groups are fighting a battle over the holy land There are also numerous ethnic clashes including the civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo In The Integrative Revolution Clifford Geertz feels As the new states solidify politically such disputes may well grow both more frequent and more intense Geertz pg 116 In many post-colonial instances where independence is juvenile power seems to be there for the taking To determine how their state will be run and where the power resides conflict and violence among social groups erupts in the form of civil wars and coup de etats If not controlled social forces will continue quarrel and eventually one side will become dominate Alternatively both sides could continue fighting years of stagnant wars like Israel and Arabia Either way a
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