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Our lives are constantly influenced by great thinkers of our past Modern marvels such as the light bulb televisions airplanes and the internet are all inventions that one could argue have been in the making for the last few millennia Hellenistic philosophers such as Plato Socrates Galen Ptolemy Archimedes and Aristotle have all helped pave the way for those great scientists of the modern era One of the oldest studies by the classical natural philosophers was optics or the study of light and vision The word optics is derived from the Greek word for eye ops We know that the ancient Greeks were studying optics over two thousand years ago and that they spent a good deal of effort in trying to understand this faculty The natural philosophers of this era found a great interest in optics due to the fields inherent properties Light as viewed by the ancient Greeks could not be touched in a material sense but its heat could be felt and its beam could be seen on the wall or the ground Light could be reflected or rebounded off of smooth reflective mirrored surfaces the Greeks called this catoptrics These great philosophers also noticed that light would bend when it passes through transparent or translucent mediums such as water this light refraction was referred to as dioptrics There is evidence that philosophers in ancient Greece were so advanced that by 400 BCE those dedicated to the study of optics or opticians had organized and developed a mathematical theory of how the eye perceives entities It is believed that sometime between 287 - 212 BCE Archimedes developed a somewhat advanced theory of reflection and had began the investigation of refraction However what we do know is from the few known texts from classical times that give us an idea as to how much people knew in ancient times about optics Euclids Optics which is lesser known than his Elements describes the
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