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Introduction The mechanism of human memory recall is neither a parallel nor a sequential retrieval of previously learned events Instead it is a complex system that has elements of both sequential and parallel modalities engaging all of the sensory faculties of the individual On an everyday level issues about memory and recall affect everyone It has a bearing on ramifications from the trivial to matters of life and death Thus a particular student might worry about his or her ability to remember memorized material a person might worry about losing his or her mind and there are the more troubling issue of diseases affecting memory such as Alzheimers disease According to Tulving episodic memory represents only a small part of the much larger domain of memory Tulving 1992 p1 Specifically episodic memory is the process involved in remembering past events This paper is a review of research findings on episodic memory with specific attention to episodic memory in adults and infants Episodic Memory in Adults In society it is quite common for people in their golden years or even well before that to worry about losing their memory There is scientific evidence to support this notion of degradation of memory with age It is now well known in neurology that brain cells die off as one ages Verhaeghen and Marcoen 1993 pp 172-178 found that the decline associated with age in relation to the ability to perform episodic memory tasks involving deliberate recall appears to be largely a quantitative rather than a qualitative phenomenon The ability of older adults to recall individual items in lists or ideas in texts could be predicted based on the performance by younger adults on the same tasks From their data in a sample of 48 younger and 45 older adults they postulated a relationship between recall and age with a median correlation of r 88 The same item characteristics could be used to predict probability of
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