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Word Count: 758
One of the very popular and very successful utopian communities was the Oneida Community which can be categorized as an economic community Oneida community was started by a man named John Humphrey Noyes in 1848 and it dissolved in 1880 In January of 1849 the Community had 87 members 172 by February of 1850 and one year later the number was approximately 205 In 1875 there were 298 members and a total of 306 at the time of breakup Noyes was an American social reformer studied theology at Yale but lost his licenses a Congregational minister because he believed that a dual sexual nature to G-d and taught that moral codes were not binding because Jesus Christ had saved the human race from sin Noyes established experimental communities Putney Vermont and Oneida New York He called his followers perfectionists for this reason In 1846 they began the practice of complex marriage a form of polygamy that practiced free sexual sharing within the community There were many advantages that came along with joining this community For example just a few years prior to this time women werent allowed to vote let only be anywhere equal to men When women joined the commune they were equal to any man in that society on every level One of the benefits which was a very communistic theory was that all the property which included several successful manufacturing enterprises and the farms now belong to every member of the society as much as it did to another Another benefit was that the community government was conducted by committees that met weekly in public sessions This allowed the members to see whats going on and to directly control their own lives This also helps make visible that fact that no one is bribing or favoring anyone over anyone else The one thing these members were missing was the freedom to mate with
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