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Introduction The process of industrialization in England and on the Continent created an enlargement of the middle classes eg the merchants bankers etc Therefore it became increasingly difficult for the conservative landowning aristocrats and monarchs to retain their power over society The term liberalism was first used in England in around 1819 Liberal ideas of freedom of trade freedom of speech etc were largely shaped by the French Revolution as were most other political doctrines Both the advancement of the political doctrine of liberalism and the political ideas themselves were different in every country of Europe The liberals of Britain and France were the most influential therefore I shall focus this essay predominantly on their influence until the year 1832 on their respective countries in order to answer the question to what extent their influence was different In the first chapter I will deal with the political and economical ideologies all liberals have in common The next chapter will elaborate to what extent those liberalist ideas influenced society in France until 1830 In the third I will discuss the influence of liberalism in Britain up to the year 1832 Classical Liberalism The ideologies of liberalism varied extensively in Europe from country to country but there were also many similarities in their views of society Liberals viewed men to be desirous for increasingly more property and respect of others because liberals believed that the only way to get ahead in life was to gain property and respect for the more property the better position in society Liberals recognized that there was a need for some minimum form of government otherwise there would be the inconvenience of every man having to be his own judge and policeman but it would not need to be a very strong government Government was only to restrain occasional transgressors it was to protect the propertied against the non-propertied Since the people also needed to be protected from an arbitrary or absolutist
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