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Running Head MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE INDICATOR Psychological Type and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Crystal L Robbins and Sara L Ivey Northwestern State University of Louisiana Psychological Type and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator One of the most enduring typological classifications was devised by Jung and has served as the foundation for the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Anastasi 1997 The Myers-Briggs MBTI designates ones personality type based upon a classification scheme which consists of four basic scales and two types within each scale Thus there are sixteen possible Myers-Briggs personality types The scheme is based upon the intuitions of Carl Jung whose gifted insight revealed that all people at all times are best understood in terms of extroversionintroversion sensationintuition and objectivesubjective The latter category has since been subdivided into two classes by revisionists feelingthinking and perceivingjudging Classifying people did not originate with Jung In the middle of the fifth century BCE Hippocrates explained the four temperaments in terms of dominant humors in the body melancholic sanguine phlegmatic or choleric The melancholic he claimed was dominated by yellow bile in the kidneys the sanguine by humors in the blood the phlegmatic by phlegm and the choleric by the black bile of the liver Hippocrates was simply adding to the ancient Greek insight that all things reduce to earth air water and fire Each of the four elements had its dualities hotcold and drymoist A persons physical psychological and moral qualities could easily be understood by his temperament his dominant humors the four basic elements or whether he was hot and wet or cold and dry The ancient personality type indicator worked for over one thousand years Today most of us have abandoned Hippocrates personality scheme because we do not find it to have any meaningful use In the early 1940s Isabel Briggs
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