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The rise of information technology is the single most important technological development of the 20th century It has revolutionised almost every facet of modern life Areas as diverse as stock-holding banking publishing and personal communication have been transformed thanks to the computer As a result computer jargon is one the fastest and widest-reaching areas of lexical change in Spanish in that a whole new area of terminology has evolved How has the Spanish language coped with this influx of new terms for which a need had never previously existed My main aim in this essay is to give a general survey of common and some less common computing terms in Spanish firstly concerning hardware and software and secondly concerning the Internet I intend to analyse throughout the lexical processes involved There are two main processes by which new words are being adopted into Spanish Firstly it has utilised the process of borrowing This means that it has adopted words from other languages in this case primarily from English Secondly it has used neologism This is where it has taken existing words and roots from its language stock and altered them to endow them with new meanings The more common of the two in the sphere of information technology is borrowing Since the vast majority of technological development in this field takes place in the USA the majority of technical vocabulary devised is in originally in English Therefore it takes a deliberate effort to hispanicise such terms Although such efforts do take place English terms do tend to catch on earlier than their neologised Spanish counterparts since technology is currently developing at such an incredible rate that Spanish often struggles to keep up One of the areas in which Spanish language terms hold sway is in the names of the physical hardware of a computer system For example in Peninsular Spanish the term for a computer is ordenador despite the existence of a word
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