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Word Count: 728
Rules for stress When a word has more than one syllable one of the syllables is always a little louder than the others The syllable with the louder stress is the accented syllable It may seem that the placement of accents in words is often random or accidental but these are some rules that usually work 1 Accents are often on the first syllable Examples basic program 2 In words that have suffixes or prefixes the accent is usually on the main root word Examples boxes untie 3 If de- re- ex- in-po- pro- or a- is the first syllable in a word it is usually not accented Examples delay explore 4 Two vowel letters together in the last syllable of a word often indicates an accented last syllable Examples complain conceal 5 When there are two like consonant letters within a word the syllable before the double consonants is usually accented Examples beginner letter 6 The accent is usually on the syllable before the suffixes -ion ity -ic -ical -ian -ial or -ious and on the second syllable before the suffix -ate Examples affectation differentiate 7 In words of three or more syllables one of the first two syllables is usually accented Examples accident determine 8 Stress on penultimate syllable penultimate second from end Ruleexample Words ending in -icGRAPHic geoGRAPHic geoLOGic Words ending in -sion and -tionteleVIsion reveLAtion 9 Stress on ante-penultimate syllable ante-penultimate third from end Ruleexample Words ending in -cy -ty -phy and -gydeMOcracy dependaBIlity phoTOgraphy geOLogy Words ending in -alCRItical geoLOGical 10 Compound words words with two parts Ruleexample For compound nouns the stress is on the first partBLACKbird GREENhouse For compound adjectives the stress is on the second partbad-TEMpered old-FASHioned For compound verbs the stress is on the second partto underSTAND to overFLOW 11 Phrasal verbs aka two-word or two-part verbs are generally made up of
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