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Schizophrenia During the 1950s mentally disordered people who were harmful to society and themselves could be treated with medications and were able to return safely to their communities During the 1980s the cost of health care increased more than any other cost in our national economy As a result strategic planning has been made to reduce costs The political decision made to deinstitutionalize chronic mental patients started with the appearance of phenothiazine medications Dramatically reducing the instability influenced by psychosis these medications were of great significance to many individuals with serious mental disorders At both the state and federal levels legislators looked at the high cost of long-term psychiatric hospitalization Social scientists guaranteed them that community-based care would be in the best interests of all concerned the mentally ill and the general tax-paying public It was believed that a social breakdown syndrome would develop in chronically mentally ill persons who were institutionalized The characteristics of this syndrome were submission to authority withdrawal lack of initiative and excessive dependence on the institution Seeds Schizophrenia is the most common psychoses in the United States affecting around one percent of the United States population It is characterized by a deep withdrawal from interpersonal relationships and a retreat into a world of fantasy This plunge into fantasy results in a loss of contact from reality that can vary from mild to severe Psychosis has more than one acceptable definition The psychoses are different from other groups of psychiatric disorders in their degree of severity withdrawal alteration in affect impairment of intellect and regression Insight In psychotic disorders the intellect is involved in the actual psychotic process resulting in derangement of language thought and judgment Schizophrenia is called a formal thought disorder Thinking and understanding of reality are usually severely impaired The most severe and prolonged regressions are seen in the psychoses regression There is a falling back to earlier behavioral levels In schizophrenia this may include returning to primitive
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