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UCL 1 Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injury to The Elbow Focusing on Throwing Athletes Jose M Barillas Assessment of Athletic Injuries UCL 2 Introduction Ulnar collateral ligament Tommy Johns procedure surgery medial collateral ligament and pitchers elbow are all the same injury relating to the ligament in the elbow This ligament is commonly injured in throwing athletes because of excessive forces generated across the elbow during throwing This is the reason why I am focusing my paper on throwing athletes because it is very common to baseball players The ulnar collateral ligament is located on the inside of the elbow on the medial side of the elbow It is a fan shaped structure and it is similar to the knees medial collateral ligament Magee 2000 The ligament is a band or sheet of fibrous tissue that connects the distal aspect of the humerus to the proximal aspect of the ulna and supports the arm muscles while pitching This injury is very common in baseball athletes it has put many MLB players on the sidelines For example John Smoltz Nolan Ryan Jose Canseco Tommy John and many other more Why did it get the name Tommy John procedure It got its name Tommy John procedure because back in 1974 he was diagnosed with a career threatening torn ulnar collateral ligament He told the doctor Frank Jobe to do what ever he has to do so he can get back out in the fields and so Dr Jobe did a surgery that let Tommy John play for 12 more years I would discuss the procedure Dr Jobe did later in this paper Mechanism and History The mechanism of the ulnar collateral ligament is of excessive force used in the elbow The wide variety of breaking pitches used today such as the sharp curve ball cutter and split finger fastball can cause strain on the elbow With throwing and particularly pitching there are strong
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