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The Enlightenment or The Age of Reason -all of a sudden people took all they were learning about science and decided to apply it to society -absolute monarchy constitutional monarchy or something else people experiment to discover which one works best -people collect data they study it analyze it and record it then come to a conclusion -first man to do this was John Hobbes -he is an English subject defended concept of absolute monarch -Hobbes wrote something dramatic that ticked a lot of people off we give up our rights to the government in order to have a society with law and order -he forced people to think about it -another guy says that everything Hobbes said is wrong -he is John Locke says they should ditch monarchys completely - all people are born with natural rights natural rights are the right to life liberty and ownership of property -a government should protect the natural rights of its people -Locke then says that the people have the right to rebel if the government does not -American Revelution was based on this thought 3 guys head of the French Philosophes Diderot Voltaire second estate Montesquieu Voltaire writes satires were hugely popular wrote Candide made fun of nobles beausuazi peasents Catholic church every part of french society Diderot compiled very first Encyclopedia Montesquieu- says if we get rid of the king we can have a government like this 3 branches checks and balances separation of power legislative executive judicial legislative make laws executive carry out laws judicial will interpret laws 3 philosofes Voltaire Diderot Montesqueiu would meet various places salons coffee houses debate topics and go off and write about them Jeane Jacque Rousseau was a poor bay in Switzerland snuck into school first day of school teacher introduces him and all the kids start to laugh because he didnt have any shoes teachers and students rejected
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