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ADHD By James Attention Deficit Disorder Kam Bisel Attention Deficit Disorder ADD is a problem that affects 5 to 10 of all children ADD affect more children than any other childhood problems except asthma It is estimated to be the largest single cause for first referrals to child guidance clinics throughout the country making up as many as 40 of those cases Many ADD cases are not diagnosed because the problem most often does not show in the doctors office Current estimates suggest that approximately 50 to 65 of the children with ADD will have symptoms of the disorder as adolescents and adults Although ADD has just recently been discovered and there is still relatively little known about it In 1902 George Frederick Still believed the dilemma of the problem child was linked to a biological defect inherited from an injury at birth and not the result of the environment Through 1930-40s stimulant drugs were first used to successfully treat many behavior problems due in part by Stills hypothesis In 1960 Stella Chess researched in the field by writing about the hyperactive child syndrome She took Stills hypothesis further stating that the resulting behavior problems stem from a biological cause although it is linked to a genetic inheritance rather then a birth defect from an injury Finally in 1980 the syndrome was named Attention Deficit Disorder due in large part to Virginia Douglass work to find accurate ways to diagnose it Hallowell 2This is currently how it stands in the axis two of the DSM-IV today with the addition of a new category Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and there sub types Most scientist now believe that an abnormality in brain chemistry could be to blame for the symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorder The frontal lobes of the brain are believed to be responsible for the regulation of behavior and attention They receive information from the lower brain which regulates arousal and screens incoming
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