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Behaviourism Philosophical behaviourism as it is sometimes described is due to the philosopher Gilbert Ryle 1900-1976 Denies the dualist view that mental events are events in a private inner realm When properly analysed things we say about beliefs and pains f or example are just observable behaviours My anger with you is not some modification of a spiritual substance that somehow brings about aggressive behaviour as the dualist would have us believe rather it is the aggressive behaviour itself my addressing strong words to you striking you turning my back on you and so on Thought is not an inner process that lies behind and brings about the words I speak and write it is my speaking and writing and thus exists contra the eliminative The mind is not an inner arena it is outward ac t Armstrong Reading brick p 9 The obvious objection that there can be mental processes going on without there being any accompanying behaviour Sophisticated Behaviourism Having a pain is not a matter of how you actually behave it is rather a matter of how you are disposed to behave What then is a disposition Consider fragility Glass is fragile it has the disposition to break when lightly struck That is it would break were it lightly struck
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