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John Paul Sartre is known as one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century He wrote many philosophical works novels and plays Much of his work is tied into politics The essay Existentialism is a Humanism is just one of his many works Existentialism is a Humanism is a political essay that was written in 1945 Its purpose was to address a small public during World War II in Nazi occupied France This essay stressed the public not to conform Sartre introduced a great number of philosophical concepts in Existentialism Two of these concepts are anguish and forlornness They are simply defined as anguish is feeling responsible for yourself as well as others and knowing that your actions affect others and forlornness is realizing that you are alone in your decisions These two concepts are interwoven throughout the essay and throughout many of Sartres other works Sartres view of anguish and forlornness in Existentialism is a Humanism addresses his view of life and manSartre based his views on the basic ideas of existentialism The idea that existence precedes essence is the central factor in the atheistic view of man The belief that existence precedes essence states that there is no pre-existing concept of man 2 In the existentialist view man is what he makes of himself They believe that man was indefinable at first he first appears then defines himself 1 There are no set plans as to how a man must live He must make his own decisions and move towards his future with no help from the outside world The main idea of existential is what Sartre simply stated asI am responsible for myself and for everyone else I am creating a certain image of my own choosing In choosing myself is choose man 1 He is saying that man creates his own image of the self and it is different for all men The belief that existence precedes essence directly
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