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An occupational therapist is a trained and licensed health care professional who can make a complete evaluation of the impact of disease on the activities of the patient at home and in work situations Hobbies and recreational activities are considered when an assessment is made The most generally accepted definition of occupational therapy is that it is an activity physical or mental that aids in a patients recovery from disease or injury The Occupational therapist takes a history from the patient by conducting a thorough interview Questions are asked about hygiene eating dressing getting in and out of bed driving cleaning working and the patients sex life A physical examination is conducted extensively concentrating on range of motion Observations of deformities are noted because they may hinder the performance of the patient The therapist assesses the need for splints or supports which might benefit the patient and helps design specific assistive devices It is the job of the occupational therapist to innovate plans to overcome the imposed limitations while helping the patient reduce strain and prevent further damage by teaching techniques that conserve energy Sasser 75 There are numerous ways to make daily living easier The most crucial part of therapy is assessing the patients environment All the people cultural conditions and physical objects that are around them create their environment The behavior and development of people is a direct result of the interaction between them and their surroundings A patients behavior is greatly effected when they are mismatched with their environment A persons environment match is present when the persons level of competence matches the demands of the environment Cole 75 Full participation by the patient is required to make it practicable The importance of occupational therapy is to help the patient use what they have to the fullest Therapists know that in this particular field there will not be a dramatic improvement but there will be a better quality of life lived
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