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The common name is the African Elephant the scientific name is LoxodontaAfricana the phylum is Vertebrata the class is Mammalia the order is Proboscideaand the family is Elephantidae The Closest Relatives to the African Elephant are theAsian Elephant mammoths primitive proboscidean mastodons sea cows andhyraxes Scientists believe that the African Elephant evolved from one of its closestThe geographical location and range of the African elephant covers all ofcentral and southern Africa In Ethiopia there are isolated populations that existaround Lake Chad in Mali and Mauritania Also in Kenya Rhodesia TanzaniaZambia Uganda Zaire and in National parks located in South Africa as well asseveral other countries African Elephants originally were found in all of theSub-Saharan African habitats except desert steppes Elephants still occupy diversehabitats such as temperate grassland tropical savanna and grass lands temperateforest and rainforest tropical rainforest tropical scrub forest and tropical deciduousforest despite their drastic decline in numbers However their migratory patterns andhabitat use have changed due to the fact that they are restricted to protected areas The elephant can exist in many types of environments but it prefers places that havemany trees and bushes which the elephant needs both for food and shade They alsolike warm areas that have plenty of rainfall This ensures plenty of food shade andwater The elephant prefers a habitat of mixed woodland and grassland which givesthem an opportunity to eat a variety of vegetation African Elephants are considered herbivores they are both browsers andgrazers they will eat rough sticks stems and leaves of plants as well as grassessedges and fruit Their favorites are mangoes berries and coconuts An elephant eatsup to 500 pounds of vegetation every day and drinks up to 50 gallons of water daily Elephants must consume these giant quantities of food due to their poor digestivesystem The small intestine is 82 feet long the large intestine 21 feet long and therectum adds a further 13 feet The problem with the digestive tract lies in
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