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Behavioral Cognitive Theories And Techniques Frederick Community College There were several predominant theorists in the cognitive behavioral meta-theory Each theorist came to their conclusions were received and added to therapeutic skills in different ways Their biographical history allows for a better understanding of how they came upon their conclusions Their theories add to the understanding of human nature Their critics expose flaws or oversights in the theories The techniques used in the action stage of therapy today all have some historical roots in these theories and the theories of others The overall goal being to focus on making changes in behaviors thoughts and feelings while continuing to explore feelings and examine values priorities barriers Behaviorism began when Ivan Pavlovs dogs began to salivate upon hearing the sounds of food being prepared Unfortunately this phenomenon ruined his saliva measuring experiment but it contributed the theory of classical conditioning The theory is that when an unconditioned stimulus is paired with a neutral stimulus many times a conditioned stimulus and conditioned response will result The unconditioned stimulus US in Pavlovs experiment was the food which caused the dogs to salivate The unconditioned stimulus normally elicits this reaction The neutral stimulus something that does not normally elicit the same reaction as the unconditioned stimulus was a tone or bell When the two were presented together the conditioned stimulus or learned stimulus became the tone and the learned behavior or conditioned response was to salivate John B Watson 1878 1958 expanded Pavlovs theory into the behaviorism Due to his contribution he became know as the Father of American Behaviorism He described behaviorism as the study of overt rather than covert behavior His emphasis was on objectivity instead of extrospection This concept was drastically different then the psychoanalytical theory of the time Burrhus Frederick Skinner 1904 1990 led a life that enabled him to take behaviorism to an extreme His father was an
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